メンフィス(アメリカ・テネシー州)のおすすめ観光スポット

テネシー州・メンフィスは、ミシシッピー川のほとりにあるアメリカ音楽の都です。

ブルースやロックンロールなど、アメリカの現代音楽の創始に貢献した町でもあります。

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ブルースとプレスリーの観光の都

19世紀末に綿花の集積地として栄えたため、今もアフリカ系アメリカ人が人口の60%を占めています。

ブルースの古里「ビール・ストリート」に行けば、毎夜ジャズやブルースのライブが聞けます。名門「B.B.キングブルースクラブ」は、観光客に一番人気のライブレストランです。

通りの東の外れの方には、ロックンロール創世記のスター、ジェリー・リー・ルイスの店「ジュリールイスカフェ&ホンキートンク」の店もあります。

メンフィスは、長年ロックンロールの王様・エルヴィス・プレスリーが暮らした町です。町一番の観光名所は、プレスリーの邸宅だった、プレスリー博物館=「グレースランド」です。そこは、プレスリーファンの聖地、彼に関連するグッズが、山のように並んでいます。

有名なレコードスタジオ「サンスタジオ」は、郊外の住宅街にあります。ロックンロールにかかせない有名ギター工場「ギブソン・ギター工場」は、ギターの生産を一から見学できます。

そして、公民権運動家・キング牧師が暗殺されたモーテル跡地に建つ「国立公民権博物館」は、1960年代までアメリカ南部地域では、アフリカ系アメリカ人に対する厳しい人種差別政策が残っており、完全に撤廃させ真の平等を唱えたキング牧師の生涯と、偉業を讃えるために建てられました。

ぜひ、お立ち寄りください。

栄養タップリ、メンフィス式バーベキュー

テネシー州は、中西部と南部料理の中間地点に位置します。アメリカ東部の料理と、南部のケイジヤン料理が混ざりあった素朴な料理が多いです。

テネシー州メンフィスの名物は、なんといっても国際バーベキュー大会が開催されるほど盛んな、バーベキュー料理です。メンフィス式バーベキューは、もともと豚や牛のリブなどの身の締まった堅い肉を、低温で長時間かけて蒸し焼きにし、柔らかくして食べる料理です。

もちろん、魚介類も焼いて食べます。これはアメリカ南部で始まった料理と言われ、調理には煙や臭いが出るので、通常は屋外で行われます。時間をたっぷりかけて焼くのが、メンフィス式のバーベキューで、半日以下で焼く場合は、バーベキューではなく「グリル」と言われます。

一番の名物はポークリブ、つけ合わせで、豆の煮込みとコールスローが付いてきます。黒砂糖がたっぷり入っているこの地域独特のバーベキューソースは、焦げ茶色の甘辛いこってり味です。

グリルした後割いた豚肉に、このソースをたっぷりかけて食べます。

デザートにはぜひ、「ホップ」=アイスキャンデーアボカドライム、ハイビスカスレモネードなど、アメリカ南部ならではの、オリジナルフレイバーが人気です。ぜひ召し上がってください。

テネシー州へは、アメリカの都市で乗換えになります

日本から直行便はありませんので、アメリカの各都市で乗り換えになります。地理的に考慮すると、南西部の都市で乗り換えが一番所要時間が少ないと思います。南部のダラス・ヒューストンアトランタ・で乗り換えが一般的的です。

乗り換えを含めて、所要時間14時間~16時間ぐらいかかります。日本からアメリカの都市に毎日就航している航空会社は、デルタ航空・アメリカン航空・ユナイテッド航空・コンチネンタル航空、日系なら日本航空・全日空などあります。

安く行きたいのなら、大韓航空やチャイナエアライン・シンガポール航空など、アジア系の航空会社を利用するとリーズナブルに行けます。

しかし、せっかくの海外旅行ですので、さっと行ってしまうのはおしい事です。メンフィスまでのスペシャル移動方法、それはアムトラック(全米旅客列車)でシカゴ/ニューオーリンズ間を19時間で結ぶ、夜行寝台列車シティ・オブ・ニューオリンズ号に乗りましょう。

途中で、メンンフィスに停車します。この列車は、食堂車連結の寝台特急です。アメリカの広い大陸を、車窓からぜひ観光してください。

他に、全米に路線網を持つ、グレイハウンドと呼ばれる長距離バスに乗るのも、宿泊費用を抑えられ節約して旅行できます。

アメリカ・テネシー州の物価

アメリカ中南部の町、テネシー州メンフィスの物価ですが、アメリカで物価が一番高い場所は、ハワイアラスカになります。その下に、ロサンゼルスやニューヨークなどの大都市になります。

比較的中西部や南部は、物価が安い地域になります。その中でもテネシー州は、一番物価が安い場所とされてます。ただしどこでもそうですが、旅行者が集まる観光客名所は幾分物価が高く、なんでも高く設定されている事を認識しましょう。その代わり、生活雑貨は日本よりも安い物が多いのです。

簡単にテネシー州での物価を掲示します。

・ガソリン=1リッター約47円(全米平均では60円台)
・タクシー空港から約20分で約3000円~
・バス=約200円~
・電話=3分で約60円
・ミネラルウオーター=1リットル約29円~
・牛肉=100グラム約145円
・卵=大12個で約220円
・食パン=20枚入り約140円
・ビール=360㎖ 約70円
・庶民的なバーベキューレストラン=約2000円~
・ファーストフード店のハンバーガー(飲み物セット)=約600円~
・コーヒー=約180円~

ニューヨークロサンゼルスなどの大都市に比べると、若千安くなる傾向があります。アメリカは州ごとに税金を定めており税率がまちまちです。

国が税金を徴収している訳ではないので、ヨーロッパ諸国の様に、海外旅行者に対する還元制度はありません。 基本的には税金の払い戻しは、行っていない州が多いのです。帰国の際は注意してください。

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