サッカーの基本ルール : 審判

サッカーの基本ルールを知り、公正公平に試合をジャッジし、コントロールするのが審判です。

スポンサーリンク

サッカーにおける4人の審判の役割

原則として、サッカーの審判は4人存在し、主審、副審、第4の審判が存在します。

主審が基本的に試合をコントロールする役割を担っており、警告、退場の指示、試合の中止や停止、中断の権限、アドバンテージなどを判断することになります。

副審は2人存在し、タッチラインのところで試合に参加します。オフサイドの判定やコーナーキック、ゴールキックの判断、競技者の交代などを旗を使ってジャッジするのが、基本的な職務です。

第4の審判は、主審を支援する立ち位置であり、アディショナルタイムの時間の表示などを行うのも、第4の審判が務めます。

第4の審判は、場合によっては必要がないこともあることから、カテゴリー別の、ユースの試合では、主審と副審の3人が試合をコントロールすることもあります。

特に主審は、かなりの体力が求められます。これはサッカー選手と同じだけの距離を移動し、同じだけのスピードで走らなければならないためです。

しかも、広いピッチ上で起きた出来事を正確にジャッジをする必要があり、ミスが許されない立場であり、国際試合でいわゆる誤審をすると、国を巻き込んだ騒動に発展する恐れもある、かなり責任を伴う職業です。

近年、ゴール判定を巡る問題から、ゴール付近に専用の審判を置く、いわゆる追加副審という制度が一部で始まり、テクノロジーを使わずに判定を行う試合では、副審が4人いる状態となります。

日本では一般的ではありませんが、主にヨーロッパで採用されているやり方です。

国際サッカー審判員になるまでの果てしない道

ワールドカップなどの審判を務めるには、国際サッカー審判員になる必要があります。国際サッカー審判員はFIFAが管轄しており、条件として各国のサッカー協会が管轄するサッカー公認審判員になり、そこで1級のライセンスを取り、その中で優秀な成績を残し、推薦されなければ務めることはできません。

サッカー公認審判員は4級から存在し、各都道府県のサッカー協会が認定します。年数回の講習会を受けてなることができ、4級ライセンスを取得すれば、都道府県のサッカー協会の傘下団体が主催する試合の主審、副審を務めることが可能となり、場合によって都道府県のサッカー協会が主催する試合の副審ができます。

子供の試合などでジャッジする時などに、おすすめです。

4級より上となると、4級での経験が3級で求められ、3級での経験、時間が2級で求められるということになっていきます。その都度、基本ルールに関する筆記テストなどを受けて、パスしなければなりません。

2級までは女性、男性どちらも同じ道となりますが、女性に限っては、女子1級審判員という道もあります。女子の大会で主審を務めることができ、場合によっては日本サッカー協会主催の試合で副審ができます。

いわゆる、Jリーグで審判をするには、1級審判員になることが必須です。1級審判員の中でランク分けが行われ、振り分けが行われます。そこで結果を出した人が、いよいよ世界の舞台に立てます。

そうしたことから、すぐに世界に立つということはかなり難しく、多くの人が下積みを重ねて、4級からキャリアをスタートさせていき、世界を目指します。

サッカーの審判に向く人とはどういう人か

ジャッジをする人は、常に毅然とした態度を取る必要があります。また、いつまでも引きずっていると、後でさらなる誤審を引き起こす恐れがあるため、すぐに切り替えられる心の持ち主であることも求められます。

当然ながら、サッカーの基本ルールを熟知しており、間違った解釈で試合を進めることのないようにしていくことも必要です。審判には、絶大な権力が与えられており、それによって試合をコントロールすることができます。

しかし、裏を返せば、絶対に間違ってはならず、それでいて謙虚な姿勢が求められます。少しでも横暴な態度を出してしまえば、誰も相手をせず、試合が壊れ、キャリアも台無しです。

常に責任感を持ち、いつでも辞める覚悟を持てるかどうかも大事になります。また、細かい所作を心がけることができるかどうかも、向いてる向いていないを左右します。

腕の上げ方や間接フリーキックの指示など、本当に細かいことが多く、それが嫌でジャッジの仕事を目指すのを辞めたという人もいます。

神経質な人が、案外こうした職業が向いており、選手の服装がなってない、ダラダラしているなどの面を見て、躊躇なくイエローカードを出すということも、神経質な人だからこそできる面があります。

自分の子供がサッカーを始めたから、自分はジャッジをする側に回るというお父さんも珍しくなく、休日には子供と一緒にピッチを駆け回るという人もいます。

また、周りからのヤジのような声にも動じず、堂々と振る舞い、人間関係を気にせず毅然とした態度をとるということも大事です。

国際的な仕事を目指す人も、その舞台からキャリアを始めます。

スポンサーリンク

下部スポンサーリンク

下部スポンサーリンク

投稿日:

-スポーツ
-, ,

  • Title

    […]we came across a cool site that you simply could possibly love. Take a appear should you want[…]

  • Title

    […]usually posts some extremely exciting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to due to the fact we think they may be worth visiting[…]

  • do they work? より:

    Title

    […]usually posts some extremely interesting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]Here are some of the web sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  • dg casino より:

    Title

    […]we prefer to honor quite a few other web websites around the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]one of our visitors just lately advised the following website[…]

  • Title

    […]here are some links to internet sites that we link to simply because we think they are worth visiting[…]

  • phim sex online より:

    Title

    […]below you’ll uncover the link to some web sites that we assume you ought to visit[…]

  • Title

    […]please check out the internet sites we adhere to, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  • pedopornografia より:

    Title

    […]the time to read or stop by the subject material or websites we have linked to below the[…]

  • sàn forex より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]The info mentioned within the report are several of the very best accessible […]

  • Title

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world-wide-web web sites on the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]please stop by the internet sites we stick to, like this one particular, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

  • Title

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world-wide-web web pages around the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • hd film izle より:

    Title

    […]here are some links to internet sites that we link to mainly because we believe they may be worth visiting[…]

  • Title

    […]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they may be essentially worth a go via, so possess a look[…]

  • Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nonetheless truly really worth taking a look, whoa did one understand about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time […]

  • casino より:

    Title

    […]usually posts some extremely intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]that is the end of this post. Right here you will obtain some internet sites that we believe you will value, just click the links over[…]

  • Title

    […]very couple of websites that transpire to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[…]

  • Aaron Lal より:

    Title

    […]the time to study or take a look at the content material or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  • Colby Archie より:

    Title

    […]please check out the web-sites we follow, like this one, as it represents our picks in the web[…]

  • Title

    […]check below, are some totally unrelated internet websites to ours, on the other hand, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Title

    […]the time to study or go to the material or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  • Dank Vapes より:

    Title

    […]please pay a visit to the web pages we comply with, like this one, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

  • c34r54wxw4r34c3 より:

    content

    […]This is very interesting[…]

  • 918kiss plus より:

    Title

    […]that will be the finish of this write-up. Right here you will come across some internet sites that we think you will appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  • 플렉스홀덤 より:

    Title

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world wide web web sites on the net, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]Here is a good Blog You may Come across Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  • Title

    […]here are some links to internet sites that we link to due to the fact we think they are worth visiting[…]

  • oscar winners より:

    Title

    […]very couple of internet sites that happen to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]usually posts some quite intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]check below, are some completely unrelated sites to ours, nevertheless, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Title

    […]just beneath, are various entirely not connected websites to ours, on the other hand, they are certainly really worth going over[…]

  • Title

    […]check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated websites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Title

    […]we prefer to honor several other world-wide-web web pages around the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • buy cbd oil より:

    Title

    […]below you will locate the link to some websites that we assume you ought to visit[…]

  • Title

    […]below you will locate the link to some websites that we consider you should visit[…]

  • cbd gummies より:

    Title

    […]check beneath, are some totally unrelated web-sites to ours, on the other hand, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • cbd dog treats より:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool web-site that you simply may enjoy. Take a appear for those who want[…]

  • anxiety より:

    Title

    […]that will be the finish of this article. Here you’ll locate some internet sites that we assume you will enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  • one vine より:

    Title

    […]Every as soon as inside a although we select blogs that we read. Listed below would be the newest web sites that we choose […]

  • Title

    […]Every once in a although we decide on blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the newest web-sites that we choose […]

  • ZTE 5G より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]we came across a cool web site which you may possibly delight in. Take a search when you want[…]

  • kratom tea より:

    Title

    […]usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]check beneath, are some totally unrelated internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Aaron Lal より:

    Title

    […]please visit the websites we follow, like this one particular, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  • cigar clubs より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]usually posts some very intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  • porn より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • skull ring men より:

    Title

    […]please take a look at the sites we comply with, including this one particular, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  • Title

    […]The information and facts mentioned within the post are a few of the very best out there […]

  • Title

    […]we prefer to honor numerous other world-wide-web websites on the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]that is the end of this post. Right here you will locate some sites that we assume you’ll value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  • 원샷홀덤 より:

    Title

    […]one of our guests lately encouraged the following website[…]

  • Title

    […]check below, are some absolutely unrelated internet sites to ours, however, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Title

    […]below you’ll uncover the link to some internet sites that we feel you’ll want to visit[…]

  • Werden Bank より:

    Title

    […]The info talked about in the article are several of the top out there […]

  • buy delta 8 THC より:

    Title

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to because we believe they are worth visiting[…]

  • Title

    […]below you’ll find the link to some web-sites that we believe you need to visit[…]

  • delta 8 near me より:

    Title

    […]usually posts some really intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  • Viagra cena より:

    Title

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I love but really don’t get quite a bit of link really like from[…]

  • Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • Trans Escorts より:

    Title

    […]one of our visitors lately recommended the following website[…]

  • read my site より:

    Title

    […]The details mentioned inside the article are several of the ideal obtainable […]

  • read here より:

    Title

    […]please stop by the web sites we adhere to, which includes this 1, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

  • read here より:

    Title

    […]below you will uncover the link to some sites that we believe you should visit[…]

  • read more より:

    Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few absolutely not related web pages to ours, on the other hand, they may be certainly really worth going over[…]

  • more より:

    Title

    […]Here is a good Weblog You might Discover Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  • Title

    […]Here are some of the web pages we suggest for our visitors[…]

  • more より:

    Title

    […]although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we feel they’re really really worth a go by way of, so possess a look[…]

  • Viagra cena より:

    Title

    […]that may be the finish of this post. Right here you will uncover some web-sites that we assume you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  • recette より:

    Title

    […]the time to read or visit the content material or web pages we’ve linked to below the[…]

  • Viagra cena より:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nonetheless definitely really worth taking a search, whoa did a single learn about Mid East has got a lot more problerms at the same time […]

  • Hair Growth oil より:

    Title

    […]Here is an excellent Weblog You might Come across Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  • Title

    […]Every as soon as in a although we choose blogs that we read. Listed below would be the newest websites that we choose […]

  • Next Bitcoin より:

    Title

    […]just beneath, are various totally not associated websites to ours, even so, they may be surely worth going over[…]

  • W88 より:

    Title

    […]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  • W88 より:

    Title

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I like but don’t get lots of link really like from[…]

  • Title

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to simply because we think they’re really worth visiting[…]

  • taxi より:

    Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web-sites that we link to mainly because we consider they are really worth visiting[…]

  • Title

    […]that is the finish of this write-up. Here you will locate some web-sites that we assume you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  • Title

    […]the time to read or check out the subject material or web sites we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  • Title

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some web-sites that we believe you should visit[…]

  • Title

    […]we prefer to honor a lot of other world wide web websites on the net, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated information, nonetheless seriously worth taking a appear, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got more problerms also […]

  • Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but really don’t get a lot of link enjoy from[…]

  • matka jodi fix より:

    Title

    […]we like to honor several other internet web pages around the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some internet sites that we assume it is best to visit[…]

  • Title

    […]here are some links to web-sites that we link to because we feel they may be really worth visiting[…]

  • slot online より:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nevertheless really worth taking a search, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time […]

  • Title

    […]Here is an excellent Weblog You may Come across Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  • Title

    […]just beneath, are numerous absolutely not related websites to ours, on the other hand, they’re certainly worth going over[…]

  • bitmex fees より:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nonetheless seriously worth taking a appear, whoa did a single study about Mid East has got additional problerms also […]

  • Viagra より:

    Title

    […]we like to honor several other internet web sites around the internet, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • fb88 より:

    Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to mainly because we assume they may be really worth visiting[…]

  • Title

    […]very handful of web sites that transpire to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out[…]

  • oranum より:

    Title

    […]here are some links to internet sites that we link to due to the fact we feel they are really worth visiting[…]

  • Title

    […]Here is a great Blog You may Locate Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  • Title

    […]The data mentioned inside the article are a number of the ideal offered […]

  • Title

    […]that would be the finish of this write-up. Right here you’ll come across some web sites that we feel you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  • Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some web sites that we believe you ought to visit[…]

  • tides today より:

    Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I like but do not get a whole lot of link love from[…]

  • w88 club より:

    Title

    […]Here are several of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  • tin suc khoe より:

    Title

    […]one of our visitors just lately encouraged the following website[…]

  • slot online より:

    Title

    […]just beneath, are many totally not connected websites to ours, nonetheless, they are surely really worth going over[…]

  • Title

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the content or web sites we have linked to below the[…]

  • Best Me Ever より:

    Title

    […]although websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they may be really really worth a go by, so possess a look[…]

  • Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated data, nonetheless seriously worth taking a search, whoa did a single understand about Mid East has got extra problerms too […]

  • Title

    […]Here are several of the web pages we suggest for our visitors[…]

  • Seattle Weekly より:

    Title

    […]please pay a visit to the websites we comply with, like this 1, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

  • weed near me より:

    Title

    […]just beneath, are many completely not associated internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they may be surely worth going over[…]

  • Title

    […]we came across a cool website which you might delight in. Take a appear for those who want[…]

  • Title

    […]Here are some of the web pages we advocate for our visitors[…]

  • latest deals より:

    Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but do not get quite a bit of link appreciate from[…]

  • beef より:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated data, nonetheless really worth taking a search, whoa did 1 discover about Mid East has got more problerms too […]

  • Title

    […]Every as soon as in a though we opt for blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most current web sites that we choose […]

  • Alex Kime より:

    Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few entirely not associated sites to ours, however, they are surely really worth going over[…]

  • Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]check beneath, are some completely unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • Title

    […]usually posts some quite interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  • Title

    […]very couple of websites that come about to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out[…]

  • self healing より:

    Title

    […]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they are truly worth a go by, so possess a look[…]

  • Title

    […]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they are in fact really worth a go by way of, so have a look[…]

  • glycerine cream より:

    Title

    […]we like to honor quite a few other world wide web web pages on the internet, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  • COVID19 より:

    Title

    […]the time to study or go to the material or web pages we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  • Soap 2day より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]we prefer to honor quite a few other world wide web web pages around the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  • ALUMINIUM より:

    Title

    […]the time to study or go to the content material or web sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  • Title

    […]that will be the end of this post. Right here you’ll obtain some web pages that we think you’ll appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  • vn88 より:

    Title

    […]below you’ll locate the link to some websites that we believe you should visit[…]

  • vn88.com より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  • mbet188 より:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool website that you just may possibly love. Take a search should you want[…]

  • bk8bet より:

    Title

    […]one of our guests not too long ago encouraged the following website[…]

  • vaobong2015 より:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool web page that you just could possibly appreciate. Take a appear should you want[…]

  • fun88pro より:

    Title

    […]the time to read or stop by the content material or web-sites we have linked to below the[…]

  • 1gom a153 より:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  • Title

    […]very handful of websites that take place to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[…]

  • jboviet より:

    Title

    […]the time to read or go to the content or web-sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  • Title

    […]check beneath, are some completely unrelated web sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  • getlinkvip より:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool internet site which you might love. Take a appear for those who want[…]

  • fun88asia より:

    Title

    […]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they’re truly worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

  • bk8 vietnam より:

    Title

    […]Here are several of the web sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

  • -->

    関連記事

    心と体を鍛えて護身術にもなる?空手で学ぶ武道の世界

    空手は日本の武道として古くから親しまれている格闘技の1つです。

    女子の間でも人気急上昇!「相撲女子」が増えている!

    相撲といえば、江戸時代から続く日本の伝統的なスポーツの一つであり、主にお年寄りを中心に人気があるという印象が強いです。 実際に、テレビの大相撲中継を見てみると、観客の多くは年配の人が多く、着物を着た綺 …

    肩こりに効くヨガのポーズ7選

    数年前からヨガの人気がでて未だに人気が衰えないヨガですが、ヨガには肩こりにも効果的で、今回は肩こりに効くヨガのポーズを紹介したいと思います。

    ランドデビューまでに準備しておきたいゴルフクラブ|キャディバッグ

    ゴルフ初心者がラウンドデビューする場合、ゴルフクラブはもちろん、ウェアやシューズなど様々な道具が必要になります。 全て、ゴルフを快適に楽しむためには欠かせないものばかりですが、その中でもゴルフクラブと …

    ゴルフの基本知識:ゴルフの基本マナー「バンカーのマナー」

    ゴルフ初心者にとって、バンカーとは非常に嫌なものです。 一度入ると、なかなか抜け出せないということもあるでしょう。思ったように抜け出せないかもしれないという焦りから、またミスショットを生むというのは、 …

    楽天モーションウィジェット