カードゲーム「UNO」のルールや楽しみ方

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UNOはどんなゲーム?

UNO(ウノ)とは、トランプゲームの『クレイジーエイト』を元に、遊びやすく分かりやすいルールに改良された、専用のカードを使用するカードゲームです。

トランプを使用するカードゲーム、『アメリカンページワン』に似ていることでも知られています。

UNOには名前の由来もあり、スペイン語やイタリア語で【1】を意味する、「ウーノ」が由来とのことです。

最後の1枚になったら「ウノ」と言うルールは、こういった理由からなのです。

言うまでもないかもしれませんが、UNOは日本だけでなく世界中で販売されており、2017年現在で既に45年以上もの歴史がある、世界的に非常に有名なカードゲームです。

恐らくトランプのカードと同じくらい、老若男女の全ての年代の人に、広く知られているのではないでしょうか。

UNOが世界中で人気の理由の一つは、運要素が大きく関わっていることで、誰もが勝てる可能性があるということが挙げられます。

カードゲームの多くは運に左右されるものも多いのですが、面白いカードゲームというものは、運だけでは勝てない作りになっているものです。

そして勿論、UNOも運だけでは勝てないカードゲームなのです。

UNOの秀逸な点は、【同じ色か同じ数字を手札から出す】というシンプルなルールながら、数字カードだけを使用するのではなく、記号カードと、特殊カードのWild系カード、この2つのカードの存在が、運のみに頼らない戦略的なカードゲームへと、昇華させている最大の要因です。

2016年にUNOの発売から45周年となり、基本的なルールは同じものの、リニューアル版が発売されてルールとカードの追加が行われました。

UNOの基本ルールとゲーム進行

・使用するカードについて

4色(青・赤・緑・黄)のカードと、色指定の無い特殊カード、計108枚の専用カードを使用します。

カードの種類は、0~9の数字カード(0は各色1枚、1~9は2枚ずつ)、記号カード(3種類、各色2枚ずつ)、特殊カード(2種類、4枚ずつ)、で構成されています。

リニューアル版は特殊カード(2種類、1枚と3枚)が加えられ、計112枚となっています。

・ゲームのルールと進行について

1~2回もプレイすればすぐに覚えられますので、できるだけ簡潔に説明します。

①親決め(カードを配ったり、最初のカードを開く)
公式ルールではカードを引き、一番大きい数字の人が親となる。

②親は各プレイヤーに、7枚ずつ裏返しにカードを配る。

③配り終えたら、残ったカードを裏返しのまま中央に置き、1枚だけ表にしてカードの山の隣に置く。

④ゲームスタート。
親から順に時計回りに、手札から出せるカードを出す。
無ければ山札から1枚引く。

⑤手札のカードが残り1枚になったら「ウノ!」と宣言する。
宣言し忘れたまま次の人の番になった場合、山札から2枚引かなければならない。

⑥手持ちのカードが無くなり、一番早く上がれた人が勝ち。

⑦最後の1枚が役札であれば効果を実行し、残りのプレイヤーは手札の点数を計算し順位を決める。

UNOはローカルルールも多いためか、点数のことは知られてないことが割と多いです。

点数制度はアメリカンページワンのルールの名残であり、500点先取の【国際ルール】と、回数制の【日本ルール】が存在しています。

記号カード・特殊カードの効果

【記号カード】

・Draw two(ドロー2)カード
次の番の人に山札から2枚引かせ、1回休みにさせる強力なカードです。

・Reverse(リバース)カード
順番を左右逆にします。
時計回りで進行していた場合、反時計回りとなります。
2人プレイの時はスキップと同じ効果。

・Skip(スキップ)カード
次の番の人を1回休みにさせます。

【特殊カード】

・Wild(ワイルド)カード
いつでも出すことができ、場の色を変更し指定できます。

・Wild Draw Four(ワイルドドロー4)カード
最も強力なカードで、場の色を変更することができ、次の番の人に山札から4枚引かせ、尚且つ1回休みにすることができます。
ただし、場のカードと同じ色が手札にあると出すことができない。
効果を受けた人は本当に手札に場の色が無いか確認することができる(チャレンジ)。
成功すると、ドロー4を出した人が4枚引くことになり、失敗した場合は6枚引くことになる。

【リニューアル版で追加された特殊カード】

・とりかえっこワイルド
指定した相手と手札を全て交換できる。

・白いワイルドカード
ルールを自由に書き込める。

UNOの魅力と戦略について

UNOにはローカルルールが多く、それは同時にルールの発展性の高さでもあり、それがきっかけで、白いワイルドカードという新たなカードも誕生しました。

UNOはアメリカンページワンよりも、運要素だけを必要とせず、絶対的な戦略は存在しません。

あえて言うならば、記号カードをギリギリまで残し、ウノを宣言した人の上がりを阻止するのが基本です。

しかし、勝てるかどうかプレイするまで分からない、それこそがUNOの面白さであり、魅力でもあります。

是非一度、御自分で体験してみてください。

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